Five Cornerstones of Journalism in india
The man who writes, who, month after month, week after week, day and night, gives the appearance to the thoughts of the people, is the man who, rather than any other person, gives the personality or personality of the people, decides and at the same time, what kind of Nizam they are capable of.
This means there is a great responsibility on the journalists. Journalists who, month after month, week after week, day and night, write article after article to keep the leaders in their chair without any kind of accountability, or glorify such leader or such government In doing so night and day, or, ignoring the evidence against their black deeds, such journalists actually come in the count of supporters of corrupt, anti-people, and immoral governments.
Journalists can be Primetime Anchors
Such journalists can be primetime anchors of the TV medium, newspaper editors, or beat reporters. Throughout history, politicians and all those in power have considered it necessary to domesticate the media and journalists because they possess the power that Roosevelt identified in his statement.
In some countries, politicians have been more successful in keeping the media and journalists under control than in others. But the extent to which a powerful person in power can subdue a journalist also depends to a great extent on that particular journalist.
Before moving on to our contemporary times, let’s spend some time on Roosevelt. What did Roosevelt do after describing the profession of journalism in such bright terms in 1904, when a flamboyant journalist told a story in which he was found guilty of corruption?
A journalist who Challenged Roosevelt
The journalist who challenged Roosevelt in 1909 was none other than the famous Joseph Pulitzer. In his newspaper ‘New York World’, he published the news of the disappearance of about 40 million dollars during the construction of ‘Panama Canal’.
According to the journalists who worked week after week, day and night to collect evidence and report on that revelation, the money went to the American company J.P. In the pockets of Morgan and Roosevelt’s brother-in-law. Following this disclosure, Roosevelt sued Pulitzer for defamation and threatened to put him behind bars.
After three years in the lower courts, the matter reached the US Supreme Court. In the end, Pulitzer won. This was one of the first cases when a journalist clashed with the most powerful people in the country. In the years that followed, journalists had several successes, such as the ‘Watergate’ and ‘Pentagon Papers’ controversies.
By now you must have been familiar with these famous cases in your journalism classes. As your experience in this profession increases, you will realize that there is actually a cultural aspect to journalism.
There is a difference in the power of journalism in every society. Pulitzer, ‘Washington Post, ‘New York Times’ dared to confront the United States of America, which is the world’s oldest and most powerful democracy. But how many newspapers have dared to clash with powerful people in the world’s largest democracy, favoring journalists and their work?
Answer: Rarely. However, this bleak image of the journalist can be changed. And the task of changing this rests on promising young journalists like you. Of course, you all have to work hard on an individual level to become the leaders of this change. I want to focus this lecture on those areas of hard work.
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Profession of Journalism
Our profession of journalism demands extraordinary hard work from us. This profession requires a deep understanding of a wide variety of issues and at the same time the ability to take professional decisions quickly.
Since journalists can almost face the pressure and wrath of the most powerful sections of society, you need to have the skills and strategy to deal with such situations during all the stages of working on a news story – before the story is published.
And even after printing. In this profession full of ill-wishers, you also have to develop a self-defense shield. To protect these shields from rusting and to keep them effective, it is also necessary to clean and maintain them from time to time.
External Factors Mirror Truth
Of course, people will not want to let you be armed with this armor with the help of their tried-and-tested tips to prevent the mighty from showing the mirror of truth. An editor can ‘kill’ the idea of a news story as soon as it is placed on the table.
A newspaper owner can specify a list of ‘prohibited areas’ in his newsroom. These are all external factors. But, for some time now, I have been seeing these negative forces working more cunningly and cunningly than ever before to create psychological pressure on promising journalists as editors.
Professionalism in News
How does this work? No professional can honestly claim that he has got enough experience in journalism and that he no longer needs to learn anything in his life. While the process of teaching and learning continues for ages.
But in our country, the political and intellectually influential people occupying the newsroom or our senior comrades keep trying to obstruct and inactive the development of the young journalist. This work is accomplished by praising perhaps the most modest achievements—like, occasionally, by stamping a good editor, a good reporter, and a good journalist.
sub-editors get complacent
I have seen many sub-editors get complacent and go to war in the face of praise for giving an attention-grabbing title. Such unwarranted compliments create a barrier for a novice journalist to learn other aspects of the profession. On this single talent force, when the time comes for you to take on other responsibilities, you cannot do justice to them.
Sometimes the most important revelations of investigative journalism have been thrown into a cold box because of this incompetence, or, the facts so twisted that the story just dies down and becomes ineffective.
Despite your lack of investigative journalism or experience in leading it, you’ll never understand your shortcomings if you flaunt just your mastery of the language.
Looking back after fifty years from today, reading the writings of the present era would be like trying to understand what India presented by washing and wiping.
Similarly, when a story of a reporter gets covered in social media, or, is successful in attracting the attention of the whole country, then that reporter often goes into a sleep of self-satisfaction. And sits down to bake bread for his only work, instead of continuing to do extraordinary things one after the other.
When newsrooms start being praised for every little thing, then understand that this is a way of punishing you through self-satisfaction. While encouragement is considered a good thing to build self-esteem and self-confidence,
but when the same praise comes from power brokers, then you should look at it with suspicion. You must understand that they are also trying to build a relationship with you.
So do not give preference to them because by doing so they start deciding for you how such a story should writing or what kind of story should be avoided. Slowly, their unwanted advice starts taking over you.
Then what is the solution? As a promising young journalist, what should you pay attention to avoid falling prey to the feeling of satisfaction, so that journalism, in which you have natural talent,
Can work towards further sharpening it?
How can you develop your voice so that your work has meaning? Or say, what are the aspects of the profession which can be helpful in your overall development? What kind of armor should you equip with?
I suggest that journalists should work on five elements at once so that they do not fall prey to disorder, irrelevance, and wasteful work.
These five elements are the power to smell the news, the right assessment, moral courage, the grasp of the subject, and the skill of writing.
Your success depends on the extent to which you can push yourself to master these five elements throughout your working life.