Detailed guide about swimming pool tiles Characteristics
Here Are Swimming Pool Tiles Characteristics
Swimming Pool Tiles Characteristics: Pool lining materials must meet several special conditions, which are determined by the complexity of the hydraulic structure and the peculiarities of its operation.
Swimming Pool Tiles Specs
One of the key requirements for swimming pool tiles or mosaics tiles is water absorption as close to zero as possible. This figure, according to European standards, cannot exceed 5%. The higher the porosity of the tile, the more moisture it can absorb and the sooner it will become unusable.
If the water penetrates even a little inside the tile, the tile will become brittle and brittle, which will affect the functioning of the entire structure. Not only will the coating be affected, but the waterproofing and structural elements of the pool will also be damaged.
Water absorption is closely related to another indicator: the ability to withstand high pressures. Only material with low porosity and dense structure can withstand the load emanating from water weighing several tons.
In addition, bacteria and microorganisms live and multiply in the pores and holes of the tiles. It is they that cause the appearance of a vicious and unpleasant plaque. If there are no gaps in the tile, microorganisms will not be able to settle there either.
It should also be taken into account that the water in the pool bowl contains chlorine or has a low level of acidity. This means that the lining material must be resistant to aggressive environments. Since it is periodically washed with special cleaning agents, it is better to opt for a perfectly smooth surface to facilitate maintenance.
Swimming Pool Coating Material Size
The tiles on which the pool is clad are subjected to tremendous mechanical pressure. There are clear standards governing tile size for this type of structure. Therefore, the Olympic standards establish the maximum size of a tile of 10 × 10. Otherwise, there is a high risk that the material will start to crack and peel off the surface.
If the shape of the pool is not rectangular or square, then the size of the lining material will be smaller due to the complexity of the configuration. It is customary to make the joints between the tiles somewhat wider than usual.
Pool tile manufacturers often include items in their kits that allow you to finish corners, sides, overflow gutters. These details make the coating process much more comfortable, saving time and effort. As a result, the pool complies with all safety rules and looks aesthetically pleasing and elegant.
As for the tiles for laying the floor both in the pool itself and in the aqua zone, it must be non-slip. In fact, water often collects on it, leading to the risk of slipping and injury.
To avoid such situations, a special composition, notches, or an embossed pattern is applied to the top layer. Class C material is used on stairs and downhill slopes. It has the highest anti-slip performance.
Glass And Ceramics Tiles In Swimming Pool
Glass mosaic is an ideal material for pool lining, as it has a low water absorption coefficient. This alloy is based on silica sand with the addition of other components and colorants.
This coating is durable, resistant to high and low temperatures and chemical agents. Over time, it does not fade, maintaining an attractive appearance. The solid structure prevents the appearance and growth of bacteria.
The color gamut is extremely rich, even underwater, the glass mosaic does not lose its shine, and the movement of the water creates the effect of an image that comes to life.
The smaller the typesetting elements in this finishing material, the brighter the plotline will be. The modules are connected to each other on a flexible base, which is then placed on the surface. Thanks to its flexibility, it can even be placed on a curved base.
As for ceramics, only porcelain stoneware and some types of clinker are suitable for lining the pool. Only these two types of ceramics have the required low level of water absorption.
To obtain porcelain ceramic, a mixture of white clay, quartz, feldspars, and kaolin is pressed using a special technology to reduce porosity. Firing is carried out at a temperature of 1250-1300 ° C, as a result of which the elements melt, merging, achieving high density and mechanical strength.
Clinker is made of plastic types of clay, this material is natural. After pressing and baking, vitreous chamotte is added to the material. It is he who gives the product excellent durability.
Clinker can withstand heavy loads due to its high thickness and density. For the pool lining, a material with a water absorption not exceeding 3% is used.